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Innovative Crops

Crop Name:  Palmarosa


It grows well in wide range of soils, well drained sandy loam soil is reported to be the best. The crop cannot withstand water logging.


Palmarosa grows well in warm, humid areas with high temperature and plenty of sunshine during its growing period. Temperature between 15 to 35°C with ample sunshine is congenial for its cultivation.

Land Preparation:  

For transplanting, the field is prepared by ploughing the land 2-3 times to bring the soil to fine tilth before the onset of monsoon. FYM, full dose of phosphorus and potash along with 1/4th dose of nitrogen are incorporated into the soil.


The crop is mainly raised by transplanting the seedlings. The seeds are sown in well prepared, raised, nursery beds during the month of may. About 7 kg of seeds sown in 250-300 square meters nursery area are adequate to generate seedlings for planting in a hectare. Transplant the seedlings during June-July. Seedling which are about 15 cm high are carefully removed from the nursery and transplanted in rows at 45-60 cm x 30-45 cm spacing.



During the rainless period the crop is irrigated at 10 to 15 days interval for better growth.


FYM : 10 t/ha, 100 kgs of Nitrogen, 40 kgs of phosphorus, 40 kgs of potash per hectare in a year. FYM, full dose of phosphorus and potash 1/4th dose of nitrogen are incorporated in the soil as a basal dose. The remaining 3/4th of nitrogen is applied in three split doses after each harvest.

Disease Management:  

No serious diseases have been reported in Palmarosa.

Pest Management:  

No serious pests have been reported in Palmarosa.

Propagation Methods:  

Plantation Method:  

Intercultural Operations:  


Regular weeding is necessary to maintain the quality of oil.


The grass is harvested when it is of about four months of age and is in full bloom. It is cut at a height of 10 cm from the ground level and the whole plant is used for distillation. Generally 4 to 5 harvests are taken in a year. Palmarosa plantations remain productive for about four years.


Herbage yield of about 25 ton per ha per year under irrigated conditions is considered to be normal. An oil yield of about 125-150 kg per hectare per year may be obtained

Tips for Cultivation:  

Cultivation Procedure:  


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